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A landlocked country in central Africa, Chad, has recovered from the three decades of turmoil it was in thanks to civil warfare and the Libyan invasions. Peace finally returned to the nation in 1990. With the enactment of a democratic constitution, presidential elections were held in 1996 and 2001, though marked by irregularities.
In 1998, the northern Chad was witness to a rebellion, which flares up at regular intervals notwithstanding many peace agreements between the government and the rebels. Eastern Chad is no less turbulent as rebel groups from western Sudan make sporadic attacks into the area. An ethnic minority led by President Idriss Deby rule over the country.
Chad is home to the Tibesti Mountains, the largest mountain chain in the Sahara desert. The dormant volcano of Emi Koussi is worth visiting. Lake Chad is another irresistible attraction. For wildlife llovers, the Zakouma National Park offers the opportunity not to be missed. The park is the habitat of several species of birds and elephants, monkeys, wildebeests, lions, giraffes, antelopes.
Tourists are advised not to travel to the northern Borkou-Ennedi-Tibesti
region, which is beset with minefields.
Time Zone: UTC+1
Type of govt.: republic
Participation in International Organizations: ACCT, ACP, AfDB, AU,
BDEAC, CEMAC, FAO, FZ, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IDB,
IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OIC,
OIF, ONUB, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WCL,
WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Natural Resources & Minerals: petroleum, uranium, natron, kaolin, fish (Lake Chad), gold, limestone, sand and gravel, salt
Industry & Transport: oil, cotton textiles, meatpacking, beer
brewing, natron (sodium carbonate), soap, cigarettes, construction