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The strategic position of Afghanistan has always been enticed the world’s attention since ancient times. Not withstanding its rugged and forbidding terrain, the country literally translates to the 'land of the Afghans' and was known by different names in different periods of history.
Bordered by Pakistan in the south and east, Iran in the west, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan in the north, and China to the east, Afghanistan is a landlocked country.
Today Afghanistan is characterized by conflict and political instability. It is prudent to follow the guidelines before making a trip to the country. After the fall of the Taleban administration in 2001, the situation has improved to some extent.
Bonn conference in 2001 paved the way for the establishment of a process for political reconstruction. As a result a new constitution was adopted and presidential election was held in 2004, and National Assembly elections in 2005. Hamid Karzai was inaugurated as the first democratically elected president of Afghanistan. The National Assembly came into being on 19 December 2005.
The present dispensation is facing the challenge of stretching its authority beyond the capital city of Kabul as the rest of the country is again witnessing the resurgence of the hard-line groups.
Political Map Afghanistan
Tourist Places Afghanistan:
Bamiyan Buddhas: World tourist place, destroid by Taliban in 2001.
Citadel: It has been reopened after a long time and the National Mesuem of Herat situated inside it. It has restored several art effects and historical things, that attract tourists from all over the world.
Band-e-Ami: These are five lakes of found naturally in Afghanistan and a beautiful place to visit.
Tourist Places Afghanistan
Important cities of Afghanistan
Kabul - the capital of Afghanistan
Other tourist Places:
Band-e Amir National Park
Travel and Tourism in Afghanistan
Afghanistan, locted in the heart of asia has much to present an adventurous traveller
Map of Kabul:
Irrigated land: 27,200 sq km
Participation in International Organizations: AsDB, CP, ECO, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (correspondent), ITU, MIGA, NAM, OIC, OPCW, OSCE (partner), SACEP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer)
Major Agricultural Products: opium, wheat, fruits, nuts; wool, mutton, sheep skins, lambskins
Industry & Transport: small-scale production of textiles, soap, furniture, shoes, fertilizer, cement; handwoven carpets; natural gas, coal, copper
Afghanistan Agriculture map
Being a landlocked country Temperaature in afghanistan varies seasonally, very cold in winterss and normall in summers. The lowest temperature record till now is -67°C in northern and highest record is 49°C. Politically, most of the areas in afghanistan has a subarctic mountain climate with dry and cold winters whereas in lowlands climate is arid and semiarid. In the valleys bordering pakistan there is a fringe effect of indian monsoon that is moist maritime tropical air in summer. Summer temperatures can be as high as 49 °C (120 °F) in accordance with record in the northern valleys. Midwinter temperatures as low as -9 °C (15 °F) are common around the 2000-m (6600-ft) level in the Hindu Kush. the temperature of the eleveted lands increases with the increase in elevation being highest at the mountains. Temperatures in the central highlands are below freezing in the winter, and snowfall is common at higher elevations. Summertime highs in lower elevations (such as Jalalabad or Mazar-e Sharif) can exceed 50°C/120°F. In higher areas such as Kabul, summer temperatures can be 30°C/90°F and winter around 0°C/30°F. The most pleasant weather in Kabul is during April, May and September. temperature variations may range freezing in the evenings to the upper 30s °C (upper 90s °F) in the daytime. Most of the precipitations falls between october and april. mountain regions receive more of the precipitations (more than 1000 mm) in the form of snow and the desert areas receive less than 100nm in a year. Frontal winds brushing in from the west may bring large sandstorms or dust storms, while the strong solar heating of the ground encourages large local whirlwinds. As for the capitall, kabul receives about 312 mm (12.3 in) of rainfall per year, or 26 mm (1 in) per month. On average there are 55 days per year with more than 0.1 mm (0.004 in) of rainfall (precipitation) or 4.6 days with a quantity of rain, sleet, snow etc. per month. an average of 1 mm (0 in) of rainfall (precipitation) occurs in the month of june leeading as the driest weather whereas an average of 71.9 mm (2.8 in) of rainfall (precipitation) occurs in the month of april leading the wettest weather in the city. the best time to visit the country afghanistan is from May to October.
Afghanistan, a landlocked country located in the central asia is the 41st largest in the world in size with kabul as its capital and also the largest city situated in kabul province. Afghanistan is located on the Eurasian Tectonic Plate having a complex and varied geology. the oldest rocks are archeans following Proterozoic and Phanerozoic system. due to widely varied geological factors there is a rich heritage of minerals with 1400 in accordance withh the record. Afghanistan is believed to have some of the oldest historical mines of a precious stone lapus lazuri. from recent examinations in the late 19th century many significant resources such as copper, iron and gold, and non-metallic minerals, including halite, talc and mica. Each part of Afghanistan has a different geological history and mineral prospectivity. in north Afghanistan , the Tadjik block constitutes the southern margin of the Eurasian continental plate. during the Cimmeride Orogeny, due to the closure of the Tethys Ocean Triassic granitoids intruded Palaeozoic basement. moreover, clastic sequence deposited changes upwards to Cretaceous carbonate platform sedimentation which is now under the discovery of hydrocarbons and mineralisation of many valuable metals. the collision of the parts of northern edge of the Gondwanaland and the Tadjik block resulted in the Cimmeride Orogeny. first Farad block against the Tadjik block and then Helmand block against the Farad block. the herat fault system and the panjao suture marks the sutures of the two collisions. both the suture zones are ophiolite in nature. Pamir and West Nuristan blocks of northeast Afghanistan along with the Tadjik block are known as afghan blocks. the southeastern margin of the block is rich in precious metals. after a short period of rest tectonic plates start moving driftting india towards north toward the Eurasian plate with afghan block at its southern margin. a volcanic arc starts developing on the margin of the Eurasian plate with broadening of kandahar volcanics. kandahar volcanics were intruded by underthrusting of 'I-type' granitoids in the Helmand and West Nuristan blocks. this setting of plates is highly destined to various mineralisation ways and a large number of mineral exploration strenghten the possibility of the east-central Afghanistan region. there is no igneous activity in this region with oligocene, younger alkaline enroachments and basaltic thrust outs in the farad block and sedimentary basins within herat fault zone. it is been suggested that these rocks are derived from the layery source present underneath a zone of continental crust of northeast Afghanistan. with the beginning of the period of deposition of rocks, the marine sedimented extensions in the himalayan orogeny confined to the Tadjik block. by the tertiary times, indian collision began elevating the area above the sea level. due to the distortion of the afghan block herat fault system , chaman fault system and many other internal block boundaries reactivated. mesozoic sediments also folded and resulted in the inversion and imbrication with the palaeozoic basement. in the east of the afghan block a wide variety of tectonic plates are present. in the mesozoic era , the east nuristan volcanic arc accumulated around the boundary of eurasia proceeding with the docking of the kabul block. the kabul block consists of Lower Palaeozoic basement overlain by Mesozoic sediments with the Kabul and Khost ophiolites to the east and west respectively. it is believed that the kabul block got separated from the indian and the afghan block by oceanic crust and afterward got accumulated to the margin of afghan block. the kabul block is specifically destined for copper and chromite in its basement and ophiolites respectively. the closing block is the flexural basin on the western margin of the Indian Plate known as katawaz basin. in Afghanistan, sedimentation takes place across the country including large areas of Quaternary deposits particularly in north and southern regions of the country.
Pashto and Dari are the two official and widely spoken languages of afghanistan. these are indo european language that originated from iranian languages.Uzbek, Turkmen, Balochi, Pashayi and Nuristani are also spoken by people across the country. many languages such as Ashkunu, Kamkata-viri, Vasi-vari, Tregami and Kalasha-ala, Pamiri (Shughni, Munji, Ishkashimi and Wakhi), Brahui, Qizilbash, Aimaq, and Pashai and Kyrgyz are used by minority groups as a means of communication. in the year 1980 , regional languages were also announced as official languages in the areas where they are widely spoken. Dari is known as 'farsi' all over the country .
Afghanistan situated in central aisa has a total land boundary of 5500 km and area 647.500km².it is divided into three major regions namely central highlands, southwestern plateau and northern plains area. the central highlands, part of himalayas account for two - thirds of the country area. southwestern for one fourths of the land and smaller northern plain contains the most fertile soil. land elevations following the shape of hindu kush massif slopes from northeast to southwest. there are no mountains on the southwest, north and west regions. during winters Afghanistan receives snowfall which afterward melts and run into rivers and lakes due to which the country does not experience water shortage. the massive mass of vegetation in Afghanistan is confined to main ranges and immediate offshoots whereas on terminal prolongations and distant areas it is almost absent. in safed koh, on the alpine range and its branches at a height of 1,800–3,000 m (5,900–9,800 ft) there is plentiful of forest growth surrounded by conifers as the most noble and particularly important including Cedrus deodara, Abies excelsa, Pinus longifolia, Pinus pinaster, Stone pine (the edible pine), yew, the hazel, juniper, walnut, wild peach and almond. many varieties of rose, honeysuckle, currant, gooseberry, hawthorn, rhododendron and a luxuriant herbage among of which ranunculus family is important. lemon and wild vine are found on northern mountains. the walnut and oak (evergreen, holly-leaved and kermes) slope towards secondary heights and get mixed with alder, ash, khinjak, Arbor-vitae, juniper and with species of Astragalus. Indigoferae rind dwarf laburnum is also found here. wild olive and species of rock-rose, wild privet, acacias and mimosas, barberry and Zizyphus are present down to 1000m (3,300 ft) . on the eastern side of the chain Nannerops ritchiana (which is applied to a variety of useful purposes), Bignonia or trumpet flower, sissu, Salvadora persica, verbena, acanthus, varieties of Gesnerae appears. ferns and mosses are restricted to higher ranges. most common plants are labiate, composite and umbelliferous plants. the vegetation is wholly herbal , shurbs are occational and trees almost non- existent. leguminous thorny plants of the papilionaceous suborder, such as camel-thorn (Hedysarum alhagi), Astragalus in several varieties, spiny rest-harrow (Ononis spinosa), its fibrous roots often serve as a tooth-brush; plants of the sub-order Mimosae, as the sensitive mimosa called by the natives lipad, the common wormwood certain orchids and several species of Salsola are found scattered over portions of the dreary plains of the Kandahar tablelands. The rue and wormwood generally used as domestic medicines—the former for rheumatism and neuralgia; the latter in fever, debility and dyspepsia, as well as for a vermifuge. The lipad, due to its nauseous odour is believed to keep off evil spirits. In some places, occupying the sides and hollows of ravines, it is found the Rose Bay, called in Persian khar-zarah, or ass-bane, the wild laburnum and various Indigoferae. mulberry, willow and populus ash are ocassionally cultivated by man. in last several decades, ninety percent of forests in Afghanistan ahave been depleted and their timber is exported to Pakistan as a result of which the forests may be subjected to soil erosion and desertification. the Karzai administration and international organizations havve taken the charge of this problem and are helping to overcome it by planting millions of saplings. the maple trees are also being planted during the last decade in the kabul city.
Where is Afghanistan on the Globe? Where is Afghanistan on the world map? where is Afghanistan on the Earth? The world globe image showing answer of all the inquiries and you can find Afghanistan on this Globe
Natural resources and Handicrafts industry of Afghanistan is the powerful business in afghanistan for livelyhood.
Afghanistan Outline Map, Outline map of Afghanistan, Afghanistan the country of mughals, history tells us story of Afghanistal strugles. Everybody knows about kings of Afghanistan and their wars. Indian culture is full of Mughal influance, Europe also have the influance of Afghanistan and their culture. This is the outline map of Afghanistan.
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