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Helsinki is capital of Finland
Finland | Finland flag | Finland Map | Where is Finland?
First under Swedish rule for hundred of years, then under control of
Tsarist Russia from 1809, Finland became independent in 1917. But during
the World War II, Russia riveted its eyes on the country’s territories.
But the designs of the giant eastern neighbour were frustrated by the
successful resistance of the Finnish troops to the Russian invasions
– albeit with 10% loss of its territory.
In the following half century, the country has made giant strides
in industrialization becoming a member of the European Union in 1995.
It was the only Nordic country to join the euro system when it came
into force in 1999.
A country of thousands of lakes and islands, Finland is located in
northeastern Europe, bounded by the Baltic Sea to the southwest, the
Gulf of Finland to the south and the Gulf of Bothnia to the west.
The country shares its border with Russia Norway and Sweden.
Finland’s huge investment in education, training and research
has stood the country in good stead by delivering educated and trained
workforce in the world.
Generally flat, Finland is punctuated by huge forests and lakes. For
a traveller, the first of call in the country is the capital city
of Helsinki, known for its superb architecture and brilliant collections
of national history and art. Tampere, Finland's important industrial
city, is known for its peaceful lakeside setting while Savonlinna
is another popular tourism destination boasting a wonderful medieval
Finlandia Hall, the Senate Sqaure, Rock Church and the Olavinlinna
Castle are the places of interest in Finland. The rugged wilderness
of the Lemmenjoki National Park attracts both the wildlife and adventure
lovers. The sandy beaches of Kalajoki are also hot with tourists.
Finland is known for its scenic beauty in the form of lakes, islands,
forests and pristine wilderness. Helsinki, the capital, is the Finland’s
supreme attraction, known for massive architecture, fine museums,
galleries, and active nightlife.
The cities of Tampere, Saariselka and Savonlinna, known for its grand
castles and the Opera festival, are popular tourism destinations in
Finland. Finlandia Hall, the Senate Square, Rock Church and the Olavinlinna
Castle are places of interest. For adventure enthusiasts, the Lemmenjoki
National Park is ideal for trekking and hiking. The pristine beaches
of Kalajoki are also popular with the tourists.
Location: Northern Europe
Climate: temperate, subarctic
Total Area: 338,145 sq km
Total Population: 5,238,460
Population Growth Rate: 0.127%
Sex Ratio: 0.958 male(s)/female
Ethnic Groups: Finn, Swede, Russian, Estonian , Roma (Gypsy) , Sami
Irrigated land: 640 sq km
Languages: Finnish, Swedish
Time Zone: UTC+2
Currency: euro (EUR)
Neighbouring countries: Norway, Sweden, Russia
Type of govt.: republic
Head of Govt.: Prime Minister Matti Vanhanen
Major Political Parties: Center Party or Kesk , Christian Democrats
or KD , Green Party or VIHR , People's Democratic League, Democratic
Alternative, National Coalition (conservative) Party or Kok, Social
Democratic Party or SDP , Swedish People's Party or SFP, True Finns
Participation in International Organizations: AfDB, Australia Group,
Arctic Council, AsDB, BIS, CBSS, EBRD, EIB, EMU, ESA, CE, CERN, EAPC,
EU, FAO, G- 9, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICRM, IDA, IEA,
ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, Interpol, IOC, ITU, ITUC,
MIGA, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, NC, NEA, OECD, OPCW, NIB, NSG, OSCE, Paris
Club, UNESCO, UNHCR, PCA, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNMOGIP,
UNTSO, UPU, UNMEE, UNMIL, UNMIS, WCO, WFTU, WMO, WTO, WHO, WIPO, ZC
Major Agricultural Products: barley, potatoes, wheat, sugar beets,
dairy cattle; fish
Industry & Transport: metals and metal products, electronics,
shipbuilding, machinery and scientific instruments, pulp and paper,
chemicals, foodstuffs, textiles, clothing
Railways: 5,741 km
Roadways: 78,189 km
Waterways: 7,842 km
Major Trade Partners: Germany, Russia, Sweden, Netherlands, China,
UK, Denmark, US
Exports: $84.72 billion
Imports: $71.69 billion