Venezuela came into being after the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830
that resulted in the emergence of three countries, viz, Venezuela, Ecuador
and New Granada. For most of the first half of the 20th century, military
rule was the dominant feature of the Venezuela politics. In 1959 democracy
returned to the country and has persisted. Hugo Chavez, president since
1999, he is leading the country through a system what he calls "democratic
For those adventurous travellers, tracts of Amazon rain forest in the country boast an amazing set of exotic animals such as the jaguar, armadillo, tapir, anteater and the fearful anaconda. Other places of interest in Venezuela include the scenic Morrocoy Coral Reef, and the Cueva del Guácharo and Isla de Plata (coral island).