History of World Map
The only NATO member in the Middle East region, Modern Turkey was
established in the 1920s from the Anatolian remnants of the defeated
Ottoman Empire by nationalist leader Mustafa KEMAL, who was later honoured
with the title Ataturk or "Father of the Turks. Under the authoritarian
rule of Kemal Ataturk, the country embraced wide-ranging political,
legal and social reforms. The one-party rule gave way to multi-party
politics, leading to the victory of the opposition Democratic Party
and the smooth transfer of power in 1950. Since then, multiplicity of
political parties has been a consistent feature of Turkish polity, but
democracy has been interrupted by periods of instability and military
A country with a multiple identity Turkey is a large country offering diverse landscapes and activities. Throughout the country, a more distant past makes its presence felt. Ankara, Turkey's capital, is a modern city. Istanbul is Turkey’s cultural and commercial city while Antalya, located on the Mediterranean coast, is one of the fastest-growing cities of the country. The resort of Bodrum attracts visitors in large number. The ancient sites of Ephesus and Bergama have been tourists’ mecca since the eighteenth century.
The Museum of Anatolian Civilizations is well worth a visit. For wildlife enthusiasts, the Göreme National Park provides an amazing variety of wildlife. All of these make travel in Turkey a rewarding experience.