Kyrgystan | Map Kyrgystan
A country of striking beauty and lofty peaks, Kyrgyzstan became independent
with the disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991. The country became
a part of Soviet Republic when the later annexed it in 1864.
In 2005 nationwide demonstration, touched off by widespread fraud
in parliamentary elections, ousted the former president, Askar Akayev,
from power. He had ruled the Central Asian country since 1990. Kurmanbek
Bakiyev came to power in the presidential elections held in 2005.
Kyrgyzstan is a multi-ethnic society comprising Kyrgyz, Uzbeks, Tajiks,
Russians, Ukrainians, Uighur, Dungan and Germans. Sometimes tensions
between the communities are reported in border areas. An ally of the
US in the war against terrorism, Kyrgyzstan allowed the US forces
to use the Manas airport of Bishkek as a base.
Travel in Kyrgyzstan is as rewarding as it is challenging. A good
time with friends is known in the country. The warm hospitality of
Kyrgyzstanis is well known. This is not to say, meeting friendly people
is the only highlight of a trip to Kyrgyzstan.
The country's mountain scenery leaves few who travel to this country
unaffected. The snow-covered peaks of Tian Shan offer some of the
most undisturbed and spectacular hiking opportunities in the world.
There are ample opportunities for hiking trails and trout fishing
at the Lake Issyk-Kul, the second-largest alpine lake in the world.
Other places of tourist attractions in Kyrgyzstan are the Ala-Archa
Canyon state nature park that offers many walking and trekking opportunities.
The formation of red sandstone cliffs at Jeti-Oghuz Canyon is not
to be missed.
Location: Central Asia
Climate: dry continental, subtropical, temperate
Total Area: 198,500 sq km
Total Population: 5,284,149
Population Growth Rate: 1.354%
Sex Ratio: 0.962 male(s)/female
Ethnic Groups: Kyrgyz, Uzbek, Russian, Dungan, Ukrainian, Uygur
Irrigated land: 10,720 sq km
Languages: Kyrgyz, Uzbek, Russian , Dungun
Time Zone: UTC+6
Currency: som (KGS)
Neighbouring countries: China, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
Type of govt.: republic
Head of Govt.: Prime Minister Almaz Atambayev
Major Political Parties: Ar-Namys (Dignity) Party , Asaba (Banner
National Revival Party) , Ata-Meken (Fatherland) , Democratic Movement
of Kyrgyzstan or DDK , Erkindik (Freedom) Party , Moya Strana ,Party
of Communists of Kyrgyzstan or KCP , Party of Justice and Progress
, Party of Peasants , Republican Party of Labor and Unity , Sanjira
(Tree of Life) ,Social Democratic Party , Sodruzhestvo (Cooperation)
, Union of Democratic Forces
Participation in International Organizations: AsDB, CIS, EBRD, ECO,
EAEC, EAPC, FAO, GCTU, ICAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICRM, IDA, IDB, ILO, IMF,
Interpol, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IOC, IOM, MIGA, NAM IPU, ISO , ITU, OIC,
OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, PFP, SCO, UN, UNMIL, UNMIS,
WFTU, WHO, WIPO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WMO, WTO
Major Agricultural Products: vegetables, grapes, tobacco, cotton,
potatoes, sheep, goats, fruits and berries, cattle, wool
Natural Resources & Minerals: hydropower, gold, oil, locally exploitable
coal, natural gas, nepheline, mercury, bismuth, lead, and zinc.
Industry & Transports: mall machinery, cement, shoes, sawn logs,
textiles, food processing, refrigerators, furniture, gold, electric
motors, rare earth metals
Railways: 470 km
Roadways: 18,500 km
Waterways: 600 km
Major Trade Partners: UAE, Russia, China, Kazakhstan, Turkey
Exports: $701.8 million
Imports: $1.177 billion