Capital: New Delhi
Location: North India
Sharing Border with Haryana, Uttar Pradesh
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India comes in Asia Continent which is seventh largest country and the second populous country in the entire world. India has Taj Mahal, himalayas at the Northern India, South India covered with Arabian Sea on the west side, bay of bengal at the eastern side, and Indian Ocean spreaded all over south India. Taj Mahal monument has included in New seven wonders of the World
Climate: India has different climate regions and devided into 6 type of climate. Most of it part covered by tropical wet - dry and humid sub tropical regions. Southern India, centarl and north west part has tropical wet and dry climate. Central, North and North west India covered by humid sub tropical climate. These type of climates are best for agriculture and other agricultural activities. North East India and South west Indian regions have tropical wet climate, cause heavy rain fall and humidity. Highland covered North West to Top Nortyh East part of India. Himalayas range known for highland climate region. Semi aride climate comes into south west and north west area of India. And aride climate have western part of the country.
Annual Rainfall and Monsoon: June 1 is the normal rainfall month in which the monsoon started and october is the month for normal withdraw of monsoon, some time it comes before 1 june and some time the rainfall comes later. The rainfall generally measured as 100 mm to 400 mm during monsoon. Cherapunji known for highest rainfall area and it goes more than 400 mm.
Precipitation and winds: Most of the areas have 200 mmto 500 mm percipitation and winds.
Temperature and pressure: According to temperature and pressure India has devided into four seasons
November - January
Northern India has 0 - 10 C
North East and Upper Central regions have 10 - 20 C
Central regions of India have 20 - 25 C
South India regions have 25 - 30 C
Feb - April - The temperature at the most of the area of India have between 20-30 C, accept Northern regions they have 20-25 C comparitively less than other areas, rest of the part have 25 to 30 C and more than 30 C. Specially central part of India has more than 30 C temperature.
July - September - Most of the regions of India have 25 30 C temperature except North west and south east they have more than 30 C temperature.
October - In this period of time India has almost same temperature all over between 20 to 30 degree c
Land resources Map: India is rich in land resources and these are the most important natural resources wealth of india.
According to Soil type it has devided into 11 regions,
Glacier and skeletal soils: Top of the Northern India the himalayas ranges have Glacier and skeletal soils.
Mountain Soils: Below the Himalayas it has mountain soils at some areas of north India.
Sub Mountain Soil: Mountain soils and sub mountain soils are almost the same quality with the little difference.
Alluvial Soils: This type of solis found at North India just below the mountains of Himalayas. western India like gujarat, south east and south west India and North east India.
Desert Soils: North west India have desert soil, Rajasthan and Gujarat are the main regions where desert found.
Black Soil: Some of the Central and western regions have black soil.
Red Soil: All over South india and North East India have red soils
Red and black Soils: A very few regions have red and black soils, it can be seen in the map
Grey and brown soils: Some areas of north west regions have grey and brown soils.
Red and Yellow soil: A very few regions have this soil
Laterite Soil: South west and some of the regions have this soil:
Geology: There are major 6 type of geological eras of India,
Quaternary 66 - 0.01 Million years
Teritory 66 - 16 million years
Mesozoic 245 - 66 million years
Palaeozoic 570 - 245
Archaean pre 2500
Land Use: According to land use there are 4 type of land Scrub and gardens 4.8%, Unproductive land 13.6%, Forest 22.6% and Arable land is 59%
Natural Vegetation: Most of the part of India have tropical deciduous and tropical thorni and rest of the areas have sub tropicle, tropical evergreen, temperate, alpine and sub alpine, littoral and swamp and desert
Rivers basin of India
The main water drainage and surface water supply have in India by rivers. There are 13 main river basin, 43 medium river basin and minor river basin have around 2 lakh squar kilometer area, main river serve around 81% of total population.
The Indian rivers are:
Ganga, Indus river, Godavari, Krishna, Brahmaputra, Mahanadi, Narmada, Kaveri, Tapi, Penner, Mahe, Sabarmati, Damodar, Kaldan etc.
The major channels for irrigation in India are rivers, canal and wells these are used in north, west and north east reagions majorly, tanks are used in south and south east India. However rivers are the main irrigation channels in India.
Power - electricity consumption:
Industrial area has highest power consumption india around 36%, second no. electricity consumption area is domestic at 26%, agriculture comes on third no. in power consumption in India at 24%. Rest of the 14 % used by commercial activities, railways and others.
Agriculture and Food Crops:
Wheat total production is 59.1 m tones in total area of 25 m hactares. The Uttarpradesh has the largest production area of wheat with 33% of total production. Punjab share 20% and 12% Haryana, Madhya pradesh, Rajasthan and Bihar produce 11.8%, 10% and 6% of total wheat production in India.
Total production of bajra is 5.02 m tones by 9.53 hactares area. Rajasthan state known for highest production of Bajra in India 25.6%, then Maharashtra 21%, Gujarat produce 18%, Uttarpradesh 13.5%, Haryana 8.7%, Tamilnadu, karnataka and others contribute by 12.8% of bajra production
Rice is the largest crop by the total rice production in India is 78.97 m tones by 42 m hactares area. West bengal known for the highest rice production state in India 15.5%, Uttarpradesh 13.5% and Andhrapradesh 13.3%. These are the major states known for rice production.
Maharashtra share highest jowar production by 51% of total jowar production in India. Maharashtra and Karnataka are the highest jowar production states of india. Total jowar production in India is 11.52 m tones by 12.88 m hactares fields.
India is reputed to be the last Polynesian monarchy. Once a British protectorate, this Christian country India is ruled by a king supported by hereditary noblemen. The country India joined the Commonwealth of Nations and the United Nations in 1970 and 1999 respectively.
In India, there are many physical attributes such as lofty mountains, deep valleys, extensive plains, and a number of islands. From the foothills of the Himalayas to the backwaters of Kerala, from the picturesque sceneries of north-eastern hill side...to the deserts of Rajasthan, the country is a wonderland. This nation houses some 1.8 billion people of different kinds and sorts. The people in India belong to many different religions, cultures, beliefs and ethnic backgrounds. So are the languages in the country with different dialects unique to a specific regional domain which could be as small as a village. One can find many combinations of these to create an identity of its own. So, on one hand if you see a Tamil speaking Christian, one might spot one Bengali who speaks English and observes Marwari culture and traditions, on the other hand. It seems like many colors have come together, each with its own set of shades and tones, vibrating together, to create a design holding a divine beauty.
India fascinates with its diversity.
The colorful India: Culture and Traditions
The essence of India lies in its traditions that is iconic of its cultural heritage. The same also give rise to overwhelming number of festivals. With inherited traditional concentrates and dilutions attributed by modernism, the flavors keep evolving with time and keep changing from one state to another , city to city and even villages to villages. But the spirit behind all this, never changes. The spirit, signifying the authority of God and celebrating His creation, paying tribute to his rule and seeking His love and protection, makes the whole experience very special. And so the unity in diversity never seem to detach from the central idea of spirituality. India has always been a spiritual country.
The Spiritual Nation
Indians have many faiths to keep. The primary ones are Hinduism, Islam, Christianity and Sikhism.
The religious spread is uniform except for Sikhism which is concentrated in the northern belt and Christianity which is more popular in the east and southern coastal land. Out of all, Hinduism and Sikhism originated in the country.
Culture and religion are entwined together and offer the people of the land all the freedom of connecting to Almighty. This teaches mutual tolerance. Hence the special effect of culture on religion makes the ethos of a religious community very inviting
When you enter into the compound, you will feel really stunning, Taj Mahal the incredible monument of 16th century. Dream of a King who loved his wife deeply and imagination of an artist took shape in the form of Taj Mahal. A precious gift for world. Look out Seven Wonders of the World
A view of Taj Mahal from AGra fort, People admiring taj mahal beauty, the marble in the sky
Agra The main entry gate of Taj Mahal, situated in Agra, beautiful lush green lawn with trees, equally balanced area.
Taj Mahal the beautiful architecture, amazing look, a piece of extraordinary art and wonderful example of mughal architecture in India. The Taj Mahal a dream of a king Shahjahan in memory of his wife Noorjahan. She died while giving birth to her 14 child. The King gone into deep sorrow, and thought of a monument and the shape took as Taj Mahal. The artisans and the worker comes from all over India and made hard work up to 20 years then complete the dream of Indian King