Flag of India
Capital: New Delhi
Location: Central Aasia
Capital: New Delhi
India is the seventh largest country and the second populous country in the world comes in Asia continent. It is also known as Incredible India, the name itself describe about India, which means India has so many incredible assets like unbelievable places, amazing culture, people beyond belief and so on. It has a unity in multiplicity, the diversity in cultures and regions. Tourist from around the world comes here to see this incredible beauty of India. It is the second most crowded nation in the world with over one billion citizens. It is not possible to speak of any one Indian culture, although there is different cultural essence in every state of India. There are 16 official languages in India in its different states, but there are 24 languages that are spoken by a millions of people of India or more. The country India joined the Commonwealth of Nations and the United Nations in 1970 and 1999 respectively.
A remarkable walk through historical monuments and places in Delhi, look in wonder at the astonishing perfection of the Taj Mahal in Agra, calm down on a golden beach in Goa with sun, sand and sea, experience rejuvenated after a visit to an Ayurvedic spa in Kerala, breathe in the fresh looking mountain air and be stunned by the incredible landscape of Ladakh, feel the peace of the desert sand dunes in Rajasthan, and feel the excitement of India's modern cities in Mumbai and Bangalore. India offers a great, rich variety of travel destinations to choose from.
Facts about India
Maps of India
Temperature and pressure
Incredible Taj Mahal
Taj Mahal is famous for its architecture and the story of building this amazing monument by a King of India named Shahjahan in the name of his beloved wife Noorjahan, after her death. Its beauty can be seen by its architecture, decorative items, design, and efforts be thousands of karigars. It is made of white marble with decorative piece of marble art, floral art on marble, make its beauty more beautiful. It is symbol of a true love by a king to hs queen. In moon light is looks amazing and looks like a monument taking bath by milk in the rays of moon. It is the place where you can you can imagine that how much he would have loved his wife.
It has a symmetrical design with one big gumbaz at the centre, four minaret (tower) at the four corners made on a big platform build at the bank of Yamuna river. The Taj Mahal situated in Agra, the city of Uttar Pradesh in India. It has been built near the agra fort which is situated at the second side of Yamuna river bank and can be seen from there. The king at his last period of life used to see his creation Taj mahal from the window of Agra fort, where he had been kept by his son. And afte death he also buried at the centre of this monument with his wife which is already buried there.
Facts about India
Total Area: 3287590 sq km
Union Territories: 7
Largest State: Rajasthan (Largest area)
Smallest State: Goa (area)
Highest Populous State: Uttar Pradesh
Lowest Populous State: Sikkim
Highest literacy: Kerala
Lowest Literacy rate: Bihar
Languages: 22 official list
Most speakable language: Hindi
Religions: 9 religions
Biggest Religion: Hindu
Smallest Religion: Jainism
Largest State (Agriculture): Punjab
Largest Wildlife and National Park: Gangotri National Park, in Uttarakhand
Largest Lake: Dipor Bill, in Assam
Largest River: Brahmaputra Rivers, Assam
Frontier of the country: 15, 201 km
Coastline: 7, 416 kilometres
Highest Mountain: Everest
India has different climate regions and divided into 6 type of climate. Most of it part covered by tropical wet - dry and humid sub tropical regions. Southern India, central and North West part has tropical wet and dry climate. Central, North and North West part of India have covered by humid sub tropical climate. These types of climates are best for agriculture and other agricultural activities. North East India and South West Indian regions have tropical wet climate, cause heavy rain fall and humidity. Highland covered North West to Top North East part of India. Himalaya’s ranges are known for its highland climate region. Semi aired climate comes into south west and North West region of India.
Annual Rainfall and Monsoon in India:
June 1 is the normal rainfall month in which the monsoon started and October is the month for normal withdraw of monsoon, some time it comes before June and some time the rainfall comes later. The rainfall generally measured as 100 mm to 400 mm during monsoon. Cherapunji known for highest rainfall area and it goes more than 400 mm.
Precipitation and winds:
Most of the areas have 200 mm to 500 mm precipitation and winds.
Temperature and pressure:
According to temperature and pressure India has divided into four seasons
November - January
Northern India has 0 - 10 C
North East and Upper Central regions have 10 - 20 C
Central regions of India have 20 - 25 C
South India regions have 25 - 30 C
Feb - April –
The temperature at the most of the area of India have between 20-30 C, accept Northern regions they have 20-25 C comparatively less than other areas, rest of the part have 25 to 30 C and more than 30 C. Specially central part of India has more than 30 C temperature.
July - September –
Most of the regions of India have 25 to 30 C temperatures except North West and south east they have more than 30 C temperatures.
In this period of time India has almost same temperature all over between 20 to 30 degree C
North West India:
Regions wise north western region share boundaries with Himalaya’s ranges, the icy Ladakh and the beautiful Jammu and Kashmir. The state Himachal Pradesh serve with its beautiful hill stations and Punjab and Haryana states add wealth by agricultural production which make pride to India.
Chandigarh, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir and Punjab comes under
Northern India have Delhi the capital of India, it has been a centre of political power of India for centuries. Delhi has historical memories through monuments and other historical places. Delhi is known as main commercial centre and also recognized by its political values. Uttarpradesh is also known for agricultural state and it has the largest population in India. Ganga is the major river flows through the Uttrakhand - Uttarpradesh - Bengal and Bihar. Delhi, Uttarakhand, Uttarpradesh.
Western regions of India have Gujarat and Maharashtra the most commercialised states of India. Rajasthan has become biggest state with largest area and rich by mineral resources and known for its tourism values. Portuguese culture can be seen at the western political region of India.
Daman and Diu, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan.
Central India have Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh the heart of India, have wildlife centuries and forest. Madhyapradesh, Chhattisgarh.
South India with highest rate of literacy in India, cultural rich, Hyderabad and Bangalore are well known as high-tech city of south India. Karnataka and Kerala are known for their spices cultivation, tea and coffee plantation and Tamilnadu known for beautiful temples. Bay of Bengal, Indian Ocean and Arabian Sea take the pleasure by touching the boundaries of South Indian region.
Andhrapradesh, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Puducherry and Tamilnadu.
Eastern India has variety of political information, it has oldest universities at Nalanda Bihar, Jharkhand rich in minerals, Orissa has temples and beaches. West Bengal has Darjeeling tea gardens, Himalayas in the north and Bay of Bengal in the south. Kolkata the capital of West Bengal has been well known since British period.
Bihar, Jharkhand, Orissa, Sikkim, West Bengal.
North East India:
Seven sisters the name come and tells us about north eastern states. It is covered with Himalaya’s ranges on top, rich with several tribal cultures, bamboo crafts and wildlife and national parks the home for tigers and rhinasourus. Assam is the largest states in North East and has Brahmaputra River (Largest river of India). The Cherapunji is situated in North East and known for highest rainfall.
Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura
Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep in the Bay of Bengal make their presence by several tribal species and coral islands, and are well known for its unspoilt beaches attract thousands of tourists every year.
Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar Island
Maps of India !
Political Map India
Political map India Official Political Map India (Copyright©2005 NIC govt. of Idnia)
Colourful India map listed all the states with their capitals and famous cities of India.
Map of Jammu and Kashmir
Old Civilisation Map
Where is India on the Globe
Harappa, Indus Valley civilisation
Ancient Indian Architecture
Official Political Map India (Copyright©2005 NIC govt. of Idnia)
There are major 6 type of geological eras of India,
Quaternary 66 - 0.01 Million years
Teritory 66 - 16 million years
Mesozoic 245 - 66 million years
Palaeozoic 570 - 245
Achaean pre 2500
According to Soil type it has divided into 11 regions.
Glacier and skeletal soils: Top of the Northern India the Himalayas ranges have Glacier and skeletal soils.
Mountain Soils: Below the Himalayas it has mountain soils at some areas of north India.
Sub Mountain Soil: Mountain soils and sub mountain soils are almost the same quality with the little difference.
Alluvial Soils: This type of soils found at North India just below the mountains of Himalayas. western India like Gujarat, south east and south west India and North east India.
Desert Soils: North West India have desert soil, Rajasthan and Gujarat are the main regions where desert found.
Black Soil: Some of the Central and western regions have black soil.
Red Soil: All over South india and North East India have red soils
Red and black Soils: A very few regions have red and black soils, it can be seen in the map
Lateritic Soil: South west and some of the regions have this soil.
According to land use there are 4 type of land Scrub and gardens 4.8%, Unproductive land 13.6%, Forest 22.6% and Arable land is 59% Natural Vegetation: Most of the part of India have tropical deciduous and tropical thorny and rest of the areas have sub tropical, tropical evergreen, temperate, alpine and sub alpine, littoral and swamp and desert.
Rivers basin of India
The main water drainage and surface water supply have in India by rivers. There are 13 main river basin, 43 medium river basin and minor river basin have around 2 lakh square kilometre area, main river serve around 81% of total population.
Land resources Map:
India is rich in land resources and these are the most important natural resources wealth of India.
The Indian rivers are:
Ganga, Indus river, Godavari, Krishna, Brahmaputra, Mahanadi, Narmada, Kaveri, Tapi, Penner, Mahe, Sabarmati, Damodar, Kaldan etc.
Power - electricity consumption:
Industrial area has highest power consumption india around 36%, second no. electricity consumption area is domestic at 26%, agriculture comes on third no. in power consumption in India at 24%. Rest of the 14 % used by commercial activities, railways and others.
Agriculture and Food Crops of India:
Wheat total production is 59.1 m tones in total area of 25 m hactares. The Uttarpradesh has the largest production area of wheat with 33% of total production. Punjab share 20% and 12% Haryana, Madhya pradesh, Rajasthan and Bihar produce 11.8%, 10% and 6% of total wheat production in India.
Total production of bajra is 5.02 m tones by 9.53 hactares area. Rajasthan state known for highest production of Bajra in India 25.6%, then Maharashtra 21%, Gujarat produce 18%, Uttarpradesh 13.5%, Haryana 8.7%, Tamilnadu, karnataka and others contribute by 12.8% of bajra production
Rice is the largest crop by the total rice production in India is 78.97 m tones by 42 m hectares area. West bengal known for the highest rice production state in India 15.5%, Uttarpradesh 13.5% and Andhrapradesh 13.3%. These are the major states known for rice production.
Maharashtra share highest jowar production by 51% of total jowar production in India. Maharashtra and Karnataka are the highest jowar production states of India. Total jowar production in India is 11.52 m tones by 12.88 m hectares fields.
The major channels for irrigation in India are rivers, canal and wells these are used in north, west and north east regions majorly; tanks are used in south and south east India. However rivers are the main irrigation channels in India.
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