History of World Map
Once a key stop on the Silk Route, Azerbaijan is a country of paradoxes. Modernity and medievalism exist side by side. Grinding poverty mingles with wealth due to the oil boom. Modern buildings have come to occupy the space alongside with 10th century mosques. A non-entity in not so long past, the country has recently emerged as a pivotal power thanks to the ability of late president Heydar Aliyev. The country’s provision of intelligence and airspace to US forces after the September 2001 attacks has increased its standing in the comity of nations.
Over the centuries, Azerbaijan came under the rule of various regional empires. Islam was established in the country by the Arabs in the seventh century In the 11th century witnessed the establishment of a Turkish dialect as the main language of the country. Azerbaijan was one of the Soviet republics for forty years.
Bounded by Russian Federation, Georgia and Iran, Azerbaijan is divided by the Republic of Armenia into a smaller western part in the Lesser Caucasus and a larger eastern part, extending from the Greater Caucasus to the Mugan, Mili and Shirvan Steppes and bordered by the Caspian Sea in the east. The highest peaks of Azerbaijan are Mount Bazar-Dyuzi (4114m/13,497ft) and Sag-Dag (3886m/12,749ft).
The rock paintings in the caves of Gobustan date back to some 10,000
years. Sheki in the Caucasus lays its claim to be one of the oldest
settlements, dating back 2500 years.
Participation in International Organizations: AsDB, BSEC, CE, CIS, EAPC, EBRD, ECO, FAO, GCTU, GUAM, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM (observer), OAS (observer), OIC, OPCW, OSCE, PFP, SECI (observer), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer)
Major Agricultural Products: cotton, grain, rice, grapes, fruit, vegetables,
tea, tobacco; cattle, pigs, sheep, goats
Industry & Transport: petroleum and natural gas, petroleum products,
oilfield equipment; steel, iron ore; cement; chemicals and petrochemicals;
Major Trade Partners: Italy , France , Russia , Turkey , Turkmenistan
, Georgia , Israel, Croatia , Russia , UK, Singapore, Turkey, Germany,