History of World Map
Lying on the southern slopes of the Armenian Mountains in the Lesser Caucasus and bounded by Turkey, Georgia, Azerbaijan and Iran, Armenia has the distinction of being the first country to adopt Christianity as its state religion way back in AD 301. If you wish to delve deep into history, a visit to Armenia must be on your cards.
Yerevan, the capital of Armenia, is a city of antiquity. One of the
oldest cities in the world, it was founded in 783 BC during the time
of ancient Babylon.
Notwithstanding periods of autonomy, Armenia came under the control of different empires including the Roman, Byzantine, Arab, Persian, and Ottoman. During World War I, Turkish government instituted the first genocide of the 20th century resulting in the deaths of 1 million Armenians and large scale immigration. In 1828, the Ottomans ceded the eastern part of Armenia to Russia. Though this portion declared its independence in 1918, it was taken back by the Soviet Red Army in 1920.
Though Armenia’s wonders are many, the most celebrated tourist attractions in the country include the 13th century Geghard Monastery (a UNESCO World Heritage Site), the Garni Roman Temple, Cathedral of St Gregory the Illuminator in Echmiadzin. the 3rd century capital of Armenia, and the 10th century monasteries of Haghpat and Sanakin, also a UNESCO World Heritage Site are other attractions. Tourist can also enjoy Lake Sevan cruising. Mother Armenia Statue, Tatev Monastery, and the Genocide Memorial on Tsitsernakaberd Hills are other attractions.
Ethnic Groups: Armenian 97.9%, Yezidi (Kurd) 1.3%, Russian 0.5%,
Participation in International Organizations: ACCT (observer), AsDB, BSEC, CE, CIS, EAPC, EBRD, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt (signatory), ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITU, MIGA, NAM (observer), OAS (observer), OIF (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
Major Agricultural Products: fruit (especially grapes), vegetables; livestock
Major Trade Partners: Germany, Netherlands, Belgium, Russia, Israel, US, Georgia, Ukraine, Turkmenistan, Iran, Romania
Industry & Transport: diamond-processing, metal-cutting machine
tools, forging-pressing machines, electric motors, tires, knitted
wear, hosiery, shoes, silk fabric, chemicals, trucks, instruments,
microelectronics, jewelry manufacturing, software development, food